Vernazza was founded around the year Thousand. Its name comes from "Gens Vulnetia", a Roman old family. To them belonged the slaves that, once liberated, founded the town. Vernazza was once the most prosperous village of the Cinque Terre. The historical centre conserves beautiful architectural elements as lodges, arcades and portals. It develops on a rocky spur along the Vernazzola brook, now covered. Vernazza presents a big number of side streets connected by steep stairs and it is dotted by defensive constructions, tower houses, the Turret and the castle of the Doria family, symbol of its old economic importance. Next to the port stands Santa Margherita d'Antiochia parish church with the octagonal belfry of 40 meters.