Wines of the Cinque Terre
Index of information on Cinque Terre wines:
- Production area
- Types of wines
- Food and wine pairings
- Other grapes
The Cinque Terre DOC and sciacchetrà production area is part of the territory of the Cinque Terre National Park. Characterized by terraces worked by man and by the famous dry stone walls, which protect the plants from the wind, the cultivated vines have a maximum height of one meter, and reflect the sun favoring the ripening of the grapes. The vines are favored by easily permeable soils, a mild climate and exposure to the sun.
Fig trees are strategically placed to provide shade in moments of rest and agaves to indicate borders and exit from narrow streets on steep stone stairs.
The wines of the Cinque Terre have been literally famous for centuries. Already in Roman times, Plinio celebrated the wines of the region, amphorae bearing the name of "Cornelia" were found in Pompeii, containing wine from Corniglia. In medieval times, Boccace recalls the wine of Corniglia in the Decameron and Petrarca again mentions Monterosso and Corniglia in the poem Africa, on the wine of the region.
And so on over the centuries, until 1920, when phylloxera destroyed all the vineyards, which were then replanted with American vines.
1973 is an important year, with the creation of the social cellar and the agricultural cooperative, which have since carried out the restoration of terraces and dry stone walls with the help of the Cinque Terre National Park, created in 1999.
- Bosco: minimum 60%
- Albarola: up to 20%
- Vermentino: up to 20%
Color: straw yellow more or less intense, lively;
Bouquet: intense, clean, fine, persistent;
Taste: dry, pleasant, salty, characteristic;
Minimum total acidity: 5.0 g/l.
Types of wines
The best known wines of the Cinque Terre are the Cinque Terre Bianco DOC wine and the Schiacchetrà, fine fortified wine, produced from raisins. Limoncino is also very popular, made from local lemons.
Sciacchetrà is obtained with Vermentino, Bosco and Albarola grapes, left to dry on special coolers until the end of autumn. In the grains, there is a high concentration of sugar.
From the separate vinification of the grapes of certain historical areas the wines of the "Coast" were born:
Costa de Campu from Manarola
Costa de Sera from Riomaggiore
Costa da Posa from Volastra.
Food and wine pairings
Cinque Terre Biancho DOC and "Coste" wines:
- salted anchovies
- seafood salads
- Ligurian pasta: pansotti, trophy, renette
- risotto alla marinara
- second courses based on fish: turbot, bar, sea bream, cappon magro
- vegetable pies, focaccia, farinata
- spicy cheeses
- dry pastries
- Genoese pandolce
- almond or hazelnut candies
- The grapes for table wines are galletta, regina di Puglia, moscatella and albarola.
- The grapes for sweet or dry white wines are albarola trebbiana, biancorotto, bruciapagliaio, piccabon.
- For table whites: rappolungo, fogliaccia, ruspara and sesagra.
- The black sciacchetrà is obtained instead with the "magnagra".